Saturday, March 8, 2014


John Pennington’s Apollo (1968) is aleatoric (“chance”) music. The aleatoric element depends on the players, not the composer or conductor. In most cases, each player is free to choose the actual pitches s/he will play, and the moment s/he will play them, within the limitations imposed by his part and the conductor. Except for the flute solo, this work does not consist of melody or harmony, but a series of sound events. The task of the conductor is to shape and control these events into a coordinated and unified whole. (Source: published score)


  1. I am a conducting graduate student at the University of New Hampshire and I am conducting this piece with the Wind Symphony under the direction Dr. Andrew Boysen. I was wondering if you could provide me with some more in-depth information regarding this piece (what’s it about/why was it written). Any information would be helpful. Thanks for your time!

  2. The Concord Band's performance of Apollo may be found at: